The enormous benefits of practicing the gym or free body!

Written by Angelo

Categories: Sport

November 4, 2017

A large Australian study that involved 80.000 people following them for many years found that practicing the gym with weights or bodyweight produces enormous health benefits.

Di Angelo

The research, published in the American Journal of Epidemiology, is based on an aggregate population sample of more than 80.306 adults with data from the Health Survey for England and the Scottish Health Survey, linked to the NHS Central Mortality Registry.

The study was observational, however adjustments were made to reduce the influence of other factors such as age, gender, health status, lifestyle behaviors and education level. All participants with established cardiovascular disease or baseline cancer and those who died in the first two years of follow-up were excluded from the study to reduce the possibility of biased results; than those with pre-existing conditions participating in less exercise.

Summary of the main findings:

  • Participation in any strength-promoting activity was associated with a 23% reduction in mortality for all cases and a 31% reduction in cancer mortality
  • bodyweight exercises, which can be performed in any environment and without equipment (and are free, you have no more excuses), have produced results comparable to weight-based activities.
  • adherence to the WHO strength promotion exercise guide alone has been associated with a reduced risk of cancer-related death
  • adherence to the WHO promoted aerobic physical activity line alone was not
  • adherence to strength-promoting exercise and WHO aerobic guidelines has been associated with a greater reduction in mortality risk than aerobic physical activity alone
  • there was no evidence of an association between strength-promoting exercise and cardiovascular disease mortality.

WALKING vs. HIIT (high intensity interval training).

CONCLUSIONS:

For the umpteenth time, it is shown that weight-bearing or free-body activity that promotes increased strength is clearly superior to aerobic activity.
The mix between the two should be evaluated in the future.

REFERENCE:
BioMed Central
The descriptive epidemiology of total physical activity, muscle-strengthening exercises and sedentary behavior among Australian adults - results from the National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey
Autori Vari
link: , promising

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